Types of Asphalt Pavement - Best Paving Contractors in Louisiana
There are many different types of asphalt paving that you can use to renew your driveway or repave your parking lot. Asphalt can be used as a base for concrete and then mixed in with sand and gravel to form a strong foundation for any structure that needs to stand tall. With so many varieties of asphalt available, it makes it difficult to decide which one to use. Here’s the rundown on each type and what makes each so special.
Hot-Mix Asphalt Paving
Hot-mix asphalt (also known as hot mix or hot mix asphalts) is one of the most popular types of asphalt paving. It is most commonly found in construction, but can also be used as a driveway surface. Hot-mix asphalt comes in many different forms and has been around for decades.
Hot-mix asphalt pavement has 3 different kinds:
Stone-matrix mixes – Also known as SMA, stone-matrix is a type of asphalt made up of stones, sand, and organic binder. It provides high resistance to the formation of rutting and potholes in addition to being able to handle higher vehicle speeds without fail. This material is typically more expensive than dense-graded mixes but is suitable for both driveways and high-volume highway traffic areas like interstates.
hot-mix asphalt – Open-graded asphalt pavements contain varying amounts of fine, crushed stone and very few grains of sand. This type of hot-mix asphalt has characteristics that make it ideal for driveways and parking lots. The finished surface looks great, so open-graded is often used to cover patching needs
Dense-graded mixes – This type of hot-mix asphalt is much more durable than the standard, fine-graded varieties. These mixes can handle traffic like no other and are best used on busy highways where it is important to prevent water from entering and damaging the pavement surface.
Hot-mix asphalt is a versatile paving material that’s typically used for driveways or parking lots. It becomes hot as it’s poured, allowing you to work with it almost immediately after purchase. And once it cools completely, the asphalt isn’t hard as a rock but rather sticks to itself like Velcro. Hot mix paving is also cost-effective and low maintenance. The amount of water needed when mixing hot mix will vary based on your climate and how cold it gets in the garage where you receive your materials. Once mixed, you can use it right away or let it set for 24 hours before installing.
Warm-Mix Asphalt Paving
Warm-mix asphalt is a superior paving material to hot-mix asphalt because of its lower temperature, which allows it to be used in warmer weather and at times when less cold asphalt cannot be applied. Warm-mix asphalt is similar to hot mix in that it’s both a bit like concrete and a bit like an asphalt base.
Porous Asphalt Paving
Porous asphalt paving is a pavement material that’s been around since the 1970s. It’s porous, meaning it allows air, water, and soil to pass through it and then drains into the ground below. This is great for managing water quality or improving stormwater management, especially in parking lots. It’s also a cost-effective choice with a long lifespan. This type of asphalt paving can last anywhere from 20 years up to 50 years.
Perpetual Asphalt Paving
Perpetual asphalt paving is cut into three layers. The first layer of perpetual asphalt is made from bituminous materials such as asphalt or concrete. This layer prevents cracks from forming in the road at the bottom of the pavement.
The second layer is made from a stronger material that will last for many years and can withstand heavy traffic loads. The middle layer is then added on top of both the first and second layers to create a strong, durable surface that can handle heavy traffic and weather conditions.
The third and final layer is also known as a driving surface, which is where vehicles drive on the pavement. This last layer needs to be replaced only when it becomes worn out or damaged beyond repair.
Perpetual asphalt is a popular asphalt paving material that’s both long-lasting and durable. With this type of paving, you don’t have to worry about traffic or time constraints because it can be installed over existing concrete and asphalt streets, thereby making it perfect for busy areas where changing out the old asphalt every few years is too expensive.
Thin Overlay Asphalt Paving
Thin overlays are asphalt paving materials that use warm-mix asphalt to improve durability and ride quality. Warm-mix asphalt is a bit more expensive than other types of asphalt, but it’s still affordable compared to replacing your driveway. This type of overlay is also great if you want to reduce pavement distress and improve ride quality. What’s more, thin overlays reduce lifecycle costs and noise levels too.
Quiet Asphalt Paving
This type of asphalt paving is a typical mix of quarried gravel, cement, and asphalt producing an exceptionally smooth surface. It also makes a quieter road than most other types of paving materials. This type of asphalt is commonly used as a sound barrier on roads through communities where new roads are being built.
Best Paving Contractors in Louisiana
The type of asphalt pavement varies by application. It’s designed to address specific factors such as traffic volumes and colors, so it’s important to consider both cost savings and replacement costs when choosing a product for your site.
At Ark-LA-Tex Paving, we are proud to supply you with the highest quality asphalt paving services in the Los Angeles area. Our experts provide you with exceptional customer service and our high attention to standards will ensure that your new sidewalk or driveway is installed in the best possible way.
Contact us today at (800) 610-5580.